Introduction to HTML (Part 1)

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages(Introduction to HTML)


What is HTML

.HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
.HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages
.HTML describes the structure of a Web page
.HTML consists of a series of elements
.HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content
HTML elements label pieces of content such as “this is a heading”, “this is a paragraph”, “this is a link”, etc(Introduction to HTML)


A Simple HTML Document

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>   Page Title      </title>
</head>
<body>

<h1>   My First Heading    </h1>
<p>    My first paragraph. </p>

</body>
</html>

Example Explained

The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines that this document is an HTML5 document
The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page
The <head> element contains meta information about the HTML page
The <title> element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser’s title bar or in the page’s tab)
The <body> element defines the document’s body, and is a container for all the visible contents, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc
The <h1> element defines a large heading
The <p> element defines a paragraph


What is an HTML Element

An HTML element is defined by a start tag, some content, and an end tag

<tagname>    Content goes here...   </tagname>

The HTML element is everything from the start tag to the end tag

<h1>     My First Heading    </h1>
<p>     My first paragraph    </p>

Note: Some HTML elements have no content (like the <br> element). These elements are called empty elements. Empty elements do not have an end tag!


Web Browsers

The purpose of a web browser (Chrome, Edge, Firefox, Safari) is to read HTML documents and display them correctly

A browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses them to determine how to display the document

chrome
chrome

HTML Page Structure

Below is a visualization of an HTML page structure

<html>
<head>
<title> Page title </ title>
</head>
<body>
<h1> This is a heading </ h1>
<p> This is a paragraph </ p>
<p> This is another paragraph </ p>
</ body>
</ html>

Online exercises will be available on the site soon to help you learn better


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